Full moon   (Click on photo, above, to see bigger image.)  Approximately 1958.  North is at the 11 o'clock position.  Crater Tycho is at the bottom (south), and is the source of the rays that stretch across about a 1/4 of the lunar circumference.  Copernicus is to the left of center, and has an extensive though shorter distance ray structure.  Mare Imbrium is the large circular dark region near the top.  Plato is the dark crater just outside the Mare Imbrium north border.  12-inch refractor, press camera, 4x5-inch Royal Pan

Crescent Phase, 2-Day Old

Overexposed to show "earthshine."  Note that you can discern maria/highland features on the "dark" unlit portion.  Visually, with binoculars you could see the crater Copernicus.  May 6, 2000, using 10x70 binoculars with digital camera.

First Quarter, 6 Days Old


This is an overview.  North is at the top.  The box shows the area of the following picture.  The next several pictures of this First Quarter moon were taken during a 3-hour period on the evening of 2002.01.20.

06:12 PM, PST, January 20, 2002.  The large crater in the middle is Hipparchus, which is 85 miles in diameter.  South of it is Albategnius, with 30 mile diameter Klein within it (lower-left).  The area on the moon measures 445 x 534 miles.  The angular size of this image is 6.1 x 7.4 'arc.

Zoom gactor of 2.0, showing only the top portion.  This image is 308 miles wide (4.3 'arc).

Another factor 2.0 zoom factor.  The image width is 310 miles (4.3 'arc).

Zoom factor of 1.6, showing a smaller portion of the previous image.  The width is 217 miles (3.0 'arc).  The small crater below the winding depression (a "rille") is 3.8 miles across (3 "arc).  The resolution of this image is ~0.6 miles (or ~0.5 "arc), which is quite good!  The pixel

Movie of terminator's leftward movement is apparent in this sequence of 4 images.  The frame timesa are 6:12, 7:09, 8:06 and 9:13 PM.  Only the top portion of the previous images is shown here.  The image width is 308 miles.

Gibbous Phase

1999.11.18, 0646 UT.  This is the first in a sequence of pictures with successively greater zoom factors.  This poorly focused picture was taken with a film camera, attached to a Meade LX-200 10-inch, f/6.2, 1/250-second exposure on TMax 1600 film.  The following images were taken with a Canon color CCD camera using eyepiece projection.  The various levels of zoom are accomplished by using different eyepiece focal lengths.  The picture above corresponds to a power of 25 (assuming your screen resolution is set to 1152x864 pixels), or a distance of 8000 miles (from the surface) instead of the actual 239,000 miles we are from the moon.

Moon, First Quarter Montage, Zoom Level 1  (Click on photo, above, to see bigger image.)
1999.11.18, 0630 UT.  Zoom power of 82 (i.e., equivalent to viewing from 3000 miles above the surface).  Mosaic of the terminator region.  Crater Copernicus is just above the middle, vertically.  Crater Bullialdus is half way from the south pole (bottom) to Copernicus.

Copernicus, July 10, 2000.  Meade LX200 10-inch, 1-inch EFL eyepiece, Nikon Coolpix 990 digital camera, 1/60 second exposure.

Full Moon

Full Moon, 1999.11.22, Zoom Level 0  (Click on photo, above, to see bigger image.)
Mosaic of 2 digital camera images.  Contrast enhanced.  Canon Powershot A5 auto-focus and auto-exposure CCD camera, eyepiece projection with Meade LX200 10-inch Schmidt-Cassegrain, 1-inch FL eyepiece.

Full Moon, 1999.11.22, Oceanus Procellarum, Zoom Level 1  (Click on photo, above, to see bigger image.)
Zoom of left half, showing extensively-rayed crater Copernicus.  Notice how different Copernicus looks compared with the first-quarter moon 2 images above this one.  Highly contrast enhanced.  This and the following two images were taken with a 5/8-inch FL eyepiece.

Full Moon, 1999.11.22, Oceanus Serenitatis, Zoom Level 1  (Click on photo, above, to see bigger image.)
Zoom of upper-right, showing Mare Serenitatis in center.

Full Moon, 1999.11.22, Tycho region, Zoom Level 1  (Click on photo, above, to see bigger image.)
Zoom of lower-left corner, showing Tycho crater, which is the source of the long rays extending long distances.  Highly contrast enhanced.


North-central portion of a full moon image (February 8, 04:42 UT), showing a dark "W" feature in the Palus Putredinus lowland region (left of center) on the eastern (right) border of Mare Imbrium.  To the right of the "W" are the Appennines, and to their right is Mare Serenitatis.  I've dubbed the "W" feature "Dubya" and have created a special web page to it, at Dubya.

The following three pictures were taken during the full moon of 2001.09.01/02:

Full moon, September 1, 2001, taken with Nikon Coolpix 990 digital camera with 3x telephoto lens.  North at top.

Close-up of Tycho region, Sepember 2, using Meade LX200 10-inch SCT, Pictor 416XTE CCD imager at prime focus.

Close-up of Copernicus region, showing rayed structure.  Kepler and its smaller rayed structure is to the left.  The Apennine Mountains extend from the right edge toward Copernicus. Notice the "W" feature on the north border of the Apennines, near the right edge.  Contrast enhancement makes bright maria look darker than they really are.

[The close-up pictures were taken with a Meade 10-inch LX200 Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope, Nikon Coolpix 990 digital color camera, 1/2-inch FL eyepiece projection.  Each image is a single frame with an exposure time of 1/8 second, ISO 100.]

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This site opened:  January 25, 2002 Last Update:  September 11, 2002